“Casa do Pequeno Jornaleiro – CPJ” (House of the Little Paper Boy), primary project of “Fundação Darcy Vargas – FDV” (Darcy Vargas Foundation), attends to 11-to-18 year old boys and girls: public school students and local residents of the Port area of Rio de Janeiro, by way of an educational program of mandatory attendance, which complements the school hours of the youngsters and generates social transformation.
Our mission is to provide opportunities for the young ones to transform their reality by creating a project for the future, thereby becoming productive and responsible citizens, conscious of their rights and duties within society.
WHAT WE DO
We offer an educational program for 300 teenagers between 11 and 18 years of age, consisting of four and a half daily hours of courses and various activities, complementing the school hours; whereby attendance is required.
The program accommodates two shifts: morning (for those who attend school in the afternoon) and afternoon (for those who attend school in the morning). Since our young residents come from areas of risk, the program also offers a safe environment keeping the students busy all day.
From Monday through Friday, in line with the shift the teens attend at school, each one may choose from a range of courses and activities according to their inclinations. This individual grid must include for each participant: daily school tutoring, computer science, English, a sports activity, an artistic activity (dance, fine arts, musical initiation, choral or flute), an introduction to skills (carpentry, gardening, kitchen helper or industrial sewing and modeling) and a weekly hour of reflection in group (educative time).
The educative time is made up of 20 groups of 15 participants and provides weekly assistance in bringing up discussions on various topics, aimed at strengthening the identity and self-esteem of the youngsters; developing a personal and socially respectful attitude, inviting them to be conscious of the need to create a project for the future.
Created in 1940, the Home was idealized by Darcy Vargas, the wife of Getulio Vargas, the Country's number one representative at the time; in order to care for the boys who sold newspapers and slept on the streets of Rio de Janeiro; known as “pequenos jornaleiros” (little paperboys). Originally, CPJ was a boarding home where these boys lived and studied. They would go to the streets to sell newspapers and return to the institution where, in addition to education, they received meals, medical and dental care.
Over the years, the Home’s original setup has changed to meet the new demands arising from the development and democratization of our society. In the 90´s the boarding home format was extinct, giving way to the gradual consolidation of the current educational project regarding the complementation of school hours.
Since its foundation, the Home is maintained by the contribution of the distributors of newspapers in the city of Rio de Janeiro, individual and corporate donors, in addition to partnerships consolidated by formal agreements.
She repeated this formula to create the “Legião Brasileira de Assistência – LBA” (Brazilian Legion of Assistance) in 1942, when Brazil entered World War II, alongside the Allies. The LBA aimed to mobilize civil workmanship in support of the war effort as well as promote social assistance. Thereby, LBA became the first public welfare institution nationwide, taking social assistance to another sphere, out of the strictly private beneficent realm.
Darcy Vargas was born in the 19th century, in the Country’s far south city of São Borja, near the border with Argentina.
At the age of fifteen, young Darcy married in her hometown, her countryman Getulio Vargas who, at that time, was already a State Representative and had an upward political career; ultimately rising to the position of first representative of the Country; thus leaving his mark in the political, economic and social development of Brazil in the 20th century.
As First Lady, Darcy Vargas did more than support important social service initiatives. In 1938, she created “Fundação Darcy Vargas” to provide assistance to minors. This project came into being with the inauguration of the “Casa do Pequeno Jornaleiro” on September 8, 1940. For the effective realization of this endeavor, Darcy Vargas articulated government and civil society to implement the project.